Evidence-Based Practice Project

Clinical Supervision


The purpose of supervision in mental health counseling is to enrich the clinician’s attitudes, knowledge, and skills in order to competently provide quality care resulting in improved clinical outcomes.

In the context of evidence-based mental health practices, clinical supervision is a useful tool in disseminating evidence-based practices. Following implementation, clinical supervision will ensure the fidelity and effectiveness of a treatment program.

Three Components of Supervision:

  • Educational/Clinical – the supervisor teaches therapeutic skills and helps the clinician develop self-awareness in order to better the therapeutic interactions with clients.

  • Administrative – Objectives of the agency/organization’s policy and public accountability are transformed into tasks to be accomplished by the clinician.

  • Supportive – The supervisor guides the clinician in finding ways to decrease job related stress in order to improve job performance.

The Goals of Supervision:

  1. Promoting supervisee growth and development through teaching
  2. Protecting the welfare of the client
  3. Monitoring supervisee performance and gatekeeping for the profession
  4. Empowering the supervisee to self-supervise and carry out the above goals as an independent professional.

The Roles of a Supervisor:

  1. Teacher
  2. Mentor
  3. Consultant
  4. Career Counseling
  5. Sounding Board
  6. Advisor
  7. Administrator
  8. Evaluator
  9. Recorder & Documenter
  10. Empowerer

Qualities of a Good Supervisor:

  1. Warm and supportive
  2. Provides useful feedback and constructive criticism
  3. Experience and effectiveness as a mental health clinician
  4. Possess good clinical insight
  5. Empathic – ability to be present with a supervisee
  6. Adheres to ethical practices
  7. Ability to support and challenge
  8. Multicultural awareness
  9. Training as a supervisor
  10. Ability to manage multiple tasks, relationships and levels
  11. Available & Approachable


Fall, M. & Sutton Jr, J. M. (2004). Clinical Supervision: A Handbook for Practioners. Boston,

MA: Pearson Education, Inc.

Haynes, R., Corey, G., & Moulton, P. (2003). Clinical Supervision in the Helping Professions: A

Practical Guide. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Thompson


Clinical Supervision Podcasts – Here you will find various podcasts on different topics related to clinical supervision. The podcasts are informative and interesting. Check back regularly for new additions.


Tips for Mental Health Clinical Supervision – Included are suggestions to prepare supervisees new to the Mental Health Field for their first experiences in supervision.


Models of Clinical Supervision - Here you will find a sampling of the numerous styles of clinical supervision.


Information for Specific Professions - On this page you will find information about specific styles, expectations, and requirements relating to clinical supervision in a number of different mental health professions.

 Page Updated on 04/5/11